Kathmandu Durbar Square
Kathmandu Durbar square in Kathmandu is most extensive of the Three royal palace squares not only in size but also in scale of its Open space and structures. It contains 60 important moments of which the Majority date from the 17th and 18th century. King Mahendra Malla of the 16 century, Pratap malla of the 17th century and Prithvi Narayan Saha of the 18th century added to the architectural splendor of this durbar square. The king mahendra Malla constructed numerous temple inside the palace complex and in its vicinity. Prominent among then are temple of Mahendreshwar Mahadev, the Jagannath temple and the grand Talaju Bhavani temple. The magnificent Telaju Temple was build in 1563. One of the tallest temples in the country. Towering more than 40 meters, it is built atop a plinth of brick platform. Nearby the Jagannath Temple, build in 16th century is known for the fascinating erotic carvings of human sexual union on the wooden struts. The Hunman Dhokaa Durbar monuments zone encompasses marvelous edifices build by King Pratap Malla. These Incluse the Krishna temple, Kabindrapur, Indrapur Temple, Panchamukhi Human Temple of Nasal Chowk, and a stone pillar with his statue atop facing the Degu Talaju Temple. King Pratap malla had erected a stone statue of Hanuman, the bravest of the Brave monkey God in the epic Ramayan, in front of his palace to drive away evil sprits and be victorious in wars. This palace later come to be known as the Human Dhoka Durbar, or the palace guarded by God Hunuman. After the conquest of the vallry by King Prithvi Narayan Shah of Gorkha in 1769, he expended the palace. Two very impressive architectural structures, the Nine storeyed Basantapur and Vilas Mandir, were build during his reign. All the four towers of this palace palaces are considered remarkable pieces of Nepalese architecture. This palaces square is surrounded by many important monuments , such as the resident temple Of the Living Goddess Kumari, the Krishna Mandap, or maru sattal which is the largest open rest house and a landmark of Kathmandu from which the city derives its name. Simha Sattal and the Maju Dewal which is tallest temple in the periphery. Anyone who visits this palace complex canot but be overwhelmed by its grandeur and the architectural heritage which it represents.
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