Sagarmatha National Park (Everest )
In general, the purpose behind establishing national park is preservation of indigenous plants and animals, and historical places- the biotic environment and cultural heritage. Although priorities may differ in space and time, safeguarding such valuable national assets demands that specific area be permanently set aside or at least temporarily restricted from human interference so that natural resources are not relentlessly depleted through irrational use by humans.
The prime attraction of the Sagarmatha National Park is Mt. Everest, the highest peak of the world. The peak lies in Solokhumbu district lying in the north east of north-eastern part of the country. The park, a part of the Himalayan ecological zone, has several other prominent peaks most of which are above 6,000 meters. With most of the park above 3,000 meters, the peak is full of rugged with deep gorges, glacier and huge rocks. With Its Himalayan terrain and its unique culture, the peak offers a blend of Nature and cul
tural tourism products. The vegetation at lower elevation is dominated by pine and hemlock forests, while above 35, 00 meters the forest is dominated with silver fir, birch, rhododendron juniper trees. During spring and monsoon season different varieties of rhododendron flowers are seen. The common wildlife in the park are Himalayan Tahr, ghoral, musk deer, pikka (Mouse hare) weasel, Jackel. Other rarely seen animal are Himalayan black bear, wolf, lynx, and snow leopard. Common birds seen in the national park impeyan pheasant (Danphe), blood pheasant, red billed cough, yellow-billed chough, snow cock, snow pigeon, Himalayan griffon, and lammergeyer. The best way to reach the Everest National park is to fly to Lukla from Kathmandu. Another option is to go via jiri to Tumlingtar.
Most of the world famous trekking routes are lies in this area.
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